|LEV DODIN | MALY DRAMA TEATR||LIFE & FATE|
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Reggio Emilia, Italy
Teatro Municipale Valli
5-6 November 2011
It is 1943 and Hitlerís Germany and Stalinís Russia have entered into a struggle of life or death. |
A prominent scientist, an academic physicist, who has finally approached the secret of creating an atomic bomb, returns to Moscow from evacuation. He is Jewish, and in this respect he hasbeen decidedly unlucky. Though the Holocaust is supposed to be happening on the other side of the front, nationalism and anti-Semitism are becoming the unspoken policy of Stalinís system. Jewish mentality, Jewish art, Jewish physics Ė these terms emerge in Soviet academic, cultural and political spheres. The physicist is ostracised, thrown out of his Institute and is facing a terrible dilemma: to stay faithful to the truth, to science, to himself and perish; or to repent and confess non-existing sins and non-existing mistakes. He fully understands the consequences of the first choice. Too many of his relatives are now in Stalinís concentration camps. In these terrible times a man is easily turned into concentration camp dirt.
A historical coincidence will save the academic. The Soviet State needs the atomic bomb and Stalin is aware of it. Stalinís personal phone call to this outcast scientist becomes the miracle that will return life, hope, success and recognition to him and his family. The scientist is elated Ė he once more believes in the system and in the logic of the Soviet State being right. He is ready to forget all his relatives, friends and colleagues who are gone.
Life goes on. And very soon the physicist, Shtrum, will again face a dilemma. It so happens that to be true to oneself when acclaimed, recognised and miraculously saved is much harder than when you are a despised outcast. He is not alone. He is surrounded by a world of his near and dear Ė people he loves, on whom he cheats, and who love each other. At the front, in evacuation, in the capital of the country waging war, or in the terrible torture rooms of Lubianka, life does not stop. In the ghettos, German concentration camp, and in one of the endless camps of Stalinís Gulag, people continue to live, make love and suffer. Everywhere they are trying to understand how this could have happened, how this horror could have happened to them.
God grants life but man shapes his own fate. Grossmanís Life and Fate is in fact a simple family story, and it presents us with a vast panorama of the events and problems of the 20th and 21st centuries. In our everyday lives we still encounter the modern guises of fascism, communism, nationalism, totalitarianism, extremism, cruelty and lack of freedom. In spite of everything, people still continue to live, love and hope.
Over the past few years the young students and actors of the Maly Drama Theatre school have been researching the history of their own country and of the world. They have been studying Grossmanísgreat novel, meeting people who were young in the 1930s and í40s and visiting and rehearsing in the territory of Osvenzen and several of Stalinís concentration camps in the Gulag. Thus, they are learning their profession and trying to understand their own humanity. This is how Brothers and Sisters, Gaudeamus and Claustrophobia were created, and how the new generation of Russian artists is being born.
Once again we are facing the world and ourselves with the most difficult questions. We believe that the emotion, passion, movement dance, music and singing found in theatre can make people hear, feel and understand the most profound things.